Cisco Press Ccna Study Guide For Icnd1

The ICND1 exam is the first exam you may take in order to get your CCNA certification. Cisco Press provides you with CCNA study guide to prepare this exam. In addition, The Cisco Press CCNA study guide for ICND1 includes five parts, which are networking fundamentals, LAN switching, IP routing, Wide-Area Networks, and final preparation.

The part “Networking Fundamentals” contains information about computer networking concepts, perspectives on networking, the TCP/IP protocol architecture, the OSI Reference Model, fundamentals of LANs, an overview of modern Ethernet LANs, history of Ethernet, Ethernet UTP cabling, improving performance by using switches instead of hubs, Ethernet Data-Link protocols, fundamentals of WANs, OSI Layer 1 for point-to-point WANs, OSI Layer 2 for point-to-point WANs, Frame Relay and packet-switching services, fundamentals of IP addressing and routing, overview of network layer functions, routing, IP addressing, IP subnetting, IP routing, router forwarding decisions and the IP routing table, IP routing protocols, fundamentals of TCP/IP transport, applications, and security, TCP/IP layer 4 protocols: TCP and UDP, TCP/IP applications, and network security.

The second titled “LAN Switching” talks about Ethernet LAN switching concepts, LAN design considerations, operating Cisco LAN switches, accessing the Cisco Catalyst 2960 switch CLI, configuring Cisco IOS Software, Ethernet switch configuration, configuration of features in common with routers, LAN switch configuration and operation, Ethernet switch troubleshooting, perspectives on network verification and troubleshooting, verifying the network topology with Cisco Discovery Protocol, analyzing layer 1 and 2 interface status, analyzing the layer 2 forwarding path with the MAC address table, wireless LANs, wireless LAN concepts, deploying WLANs, and wireless LAN security.

The third part talks about IP Routing and contains information about IP addressing and subnetting, exam preparation tools for subnetting, IP addressing and routing, math operations used when subnetting, analyzing and choosing subnet masks, choosing a subnet mask that meets design requirements, analyzing existing subnets, choosing the subnets of a classful network, operating Cisco routers, installing Cisco routers, installing enterprise routers, installing Internet access routers, Cisco router IOS CLI, upgrading Cisco IOS software and the Cisco IOS software boot process, routing protocol concepts and configuration, connected and static routes, routing protocol concept, configuring and verifying RIP-2, troubleshooting IP routing, IP troubleshooting tips and tools, and a routing troubleshooting scenario.

The fourth part “Wide-Area Networks” provides information about WAN concepts, WAN technologies, IP services for Internet access, WAN configuration, configuring point-to-point WANs, configuring and troubleshooting Internet access routers.

The last part titled “Final Preparation” will prepare you for the CCNA exam. In fact, it provides you with the tools for final preparation, and a study plan that you can use to prepare for the CCNA certification exam.

MB6-869 Study meterial

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Free Study Abroad In Europe – Attend A Top School Free!

Many tuition free universities are found abroad which allow students to opportunity to enjoy free study in Europe. If you apply directly to these schools, even being an international student and a non-European student, you do not have to pay tuition. . One example of a tuition free college is the Jonkoping International Business School. Based in Northern Scandinavia, the Jonkoping International Business School is an urban university that offers degrees in informatics, finance, business administration, commercial law, and political science studies. Bachelors, masters, and doctoral degrees are offered, and most of the classes are in English. The school is relatively small, with a total enrollment of about 2000 students, of which 25% are international students.
Just like the Jonkoping International Business School, many other tuition free colleges have strong English support due to the . Not all of these institutions focus on business though. There is a wide range of degrees and programs provided around the world, including computer science, IT, and engineering degrees. Another great school is the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, Sweden or the University of Stockholm. These world-class institutions have international programs where the language of instruction is in English. Finland, Norway and even certain schools in Scotland also have a tuition free scheme that benefits those looking to study abroad for free or virtually free (meaning the cost of tuition is either waived or negligible).
There are high quality programs even medical school where one can take advantage of free study in europe. In order to participate in a free study abroad program, be aware that a list of prerequisites awaits you. First things being first, any prospective student needs to contact the embassy of his or her host country to acquire a student visa. Secondly, make sure to check with the university regarding any entry exams or grade requirements. All in all, the dream of attending college shouldn’t be hindered with tuition, and in the case of the many tuition free universities around the world, it doesn’t have to be. Learning more about these colleges offers you amazing opportunities few know about.

How to find Successful Auto Dialer Software

As the name suggests the collection predictive dialer system is successful and widely used by collection agencies worldwide, as it has the artificial intelligence to predict and route only those calls that make sense for call center executive. Before installing this software many collection agencies were literally fighting with old and outdated telephone technology that was completely manual and driven people. This was fine as long as the numbers are within manageable limits. But things have changed dramatically in recent decades and the number of loan clients has grown by leaps and bounds. Along with the growing number of default rates have also risen considerably.

To address the situation, the need of the hour is to have a good solid mechanism collection that is driven by technology and is not labor intensive. However, the best of a call center executive can prove that it would be impossible for him or her to watch over 60 calls per day. Experience has found that 20 to 30% of these calls is wasted because there is no response from the client side. However, with the use of the collection system predictive marker of the number of calls that can be made by a person increases by about 2-3 times and up to 200 per day figures. Another feature that makes this software all the more useful is the fact that of these 200 calls about 70 to 80% are productive calls. This translates into a figure of around 140 to 150 calls per day of production. Compare this with the number of previous productivity of about 45 calls.

Judging from the above statistics there is no reason why collection agencies should not consider this software as indispensable. In addition to the above statistics this collection predictive dialer software also ensures automatic dialing facility to collect the number of a database, helping to generate reports about dropped calls or not available and other vital information. As a collection executive Call center numbers have not found an answer or have an answering machine are reassigned in the queue and the software automatically selects the numbers and start dialing again. All this would have been possible in a scenario manual.

However, for the best use of this software and the results of optimal availability of real time data is very important. Moreover, the training and education of call center executives on the proper and efficient use of this collection predictive dialer system is paramount. At the end of the day, it can be concluded with some authority that this software has been shown a new direction to collection agencies and has made meaningful and productive work.

For more information about how Cloud based Auto Dialer, Voice Broadcasting, Call Center Software, Cloud based Auto Dialer and Hosted IVR may work for your small business, visit the LeadsRain.com.

Top 4 Credit Card Benefits For A Small Business

A business credit card offers many benefits to a small business. A business credit card helps to keep business and personal expenses separate. Having a credit card solely for business use can make a lot of difference in the business finances. Many small business owners do not understand how beneficial a business credit card can be.

Establish Credit And Creditworthiness

Just as you personally want to establish credit, your business needs to establish credit. It is common for small business owners to use their personal credit for their business credit, but this can get rather tricky. When it comes to taxes and financial liability it is much better for the business owner to keep personal and business credit separate.

Easier Accounting Saves Hassles

A business credit card will help simplify accounting. There will be no need to sort through papers to figure out business form personal expenses. Using a credit card, the purchases for the business are all in the statement. These figures can be easily transferred to the books. This helps to make accounting much easier by keeping expenses streamlined.

Simplified Spending

A small business owner may find himself having to okay purchases or write out checks for purchases made by employees. With a business credit card, the owner can get additional cards for those who have spending power. This will help cut down on time wasted getting purchases approved and also save money because far less checks will have to be written. It will make the business more efficient.

Reward Possibilities

There are many credit cards that offer rewards for purchases. With a rewards card a business owner can get an additional incentive by earning things like free airline miles, gasoline and even cash back on purchases. This is something that can be very helpful to a small business. Rewards are earned through purchases, so a business is earning something for money they would have spent anyway. It is like getting double for your money.

Business credit cards are a great idea, especially for small businesses. Many small business owners do not understand just how beneficial they can be, but as you can see they offer many perks. A small business owner would be very smart to get a credit card that will make it much easier on them in the long run. They will find they save money, save time and make the business more efficient and run smoother.

Cbse India Introduces A Common Syllabus For Maths & Science!

The Union Ministry of Human Resource and CBSE India are leaving no stone unturned to make lives easy for school students across the various boards in India! The latest stride towards this endeavor is the introduction of a common syllabus for Maths and Science for the students of classes XI and XII across all the educational boards. Therefore, from the academic year starting 2011-12, students from all the boards in the country can look forward to a uniform syllabus!

An initiative like this by CBSE India will ensure a level playing field for all the students while they prepare for their engineering and medical entrance examinations. Hence, while all you students studying in classes XI & XII, preparing for your national level engineering and medical entrance exams from the year 2012, need no longer worry about the extensive syllabi covered by your friend in CBSE or other national/ state board.

A common syllabus is just the first step by the Human Resource Ministry and CBSE India towards a flexible pattern of education that is comparable to the education systems existing in the West. CBSE India also has plans in the pipeline to conduct a common entrance exam for Medical and Engineering courses in India by 2013. If such a plan by CBSE India gains acceptance from all the academic corners in the country, life after class XII is only set to get easier for students.

However, implementation of a common syllabus by CBSE India has also garnered a lot of criticism by NCERT. NCERT is of the view that Council of School Board of Education (COBSE) has no right to push the common syllabus agenda. NCERT believes that the decision to undertake any curriculum revision exercise should rightfully rest with itself as NCERT has been instrumental in all such changes over the past years. It also believes that COBSE is just a coordinating body between the various school boards in the country.

Amidst all this controversy, major stakes are now on successful implementation of this common syllabus scheme for Maths and Science. Success of a common syllabus like this could also spread cheer in the lives of students studying in the Commerce and Humanities streams. Talks are around for a uniform syllabus for various subjects in these streams as well. What more could have students asked for to ensure a smooth and stress-free studying experience!

There are various websites that provide CBSE-aligned learning resources for students studying in classes V-XII. A common syllabus for Maths and Science will also ensure that more students can now seek help from such websites and reap benefits of quality and extensive learning resources.

All students studying under CBSE India can expect a lot of good news in the near future as well.

All the best for the future!

Vehicle donation and auto donation divine help for needy

When you have scrap items and have just a dust bin to throw then better check out if you can donate some of the things to the poor and the needy people. At times, when you give out your unrequired things, they prove to be adequate for the people who do not have those things. Maybe a pen or clothes, books, food items and many others can be offered to the children in orphans, cancer patients, old people in orphans and the list goes on. The charitable trust needs money for running these orphans.

We people can help them in our different ways. We can be a reason of their smile. Vehicle donation is one of such kind. At times we have vehicle which every now and then is send to garage for repair or you need to spend more and more on their accessories. If you are tied of spending your time and money, you can purchase a new vehicle.

At same time you can sell out or donate your existing vehicle. That is vehicle donation. When you think of selling the car, you are straight away filled with fretfulness. This requires firstly spending money on car to make it worth for selling. Next to it, you need to devote your precious time and put up advertisements. Attracting people to buy the car is not at all an easy task. Now think of devoting the car which actually means nothing to you.

If you have made up your mind to perform such an action then all you need to do is call up charity team, mention that you wish to donate your car and within 24-72 hour period of time, they will reach out to you and take away your vehicle. The charitable trust accepts car donation, truck donation, auto donation, boat donation, etc.

Once this car reach out the non-profit organization, the car is send to the garage and is prepared for selling out. After the selling of the car, amount that has been received is used for the betterment of the poor people in the charity. They are provided with food, clothes, books, blankets, proper medication for the ill people are conducted.

Through the auto donation mode, the non-profit organization gets good money. This money is then used for the well being of the people. Through this money, they get food, shelter, blankets, medication and other necessity of the life. The author is an experienced Content writer and publisher on the topics related to car donation for more details please visit www.songsoflove.org.

Seniors Using Webinars To Learn More About Health Care

For many companies, the decision to use webinars is based on enhancing workflow and cutting cost. It is clear, however, that video conferencing services has many real world applications as well. The most obvious benefits of utilizing these tools are really just the tip of the iceberg. One recent example of this is an undertaking by the National Family Caregivers Association (NFCA) in Suffolk with using webcast to disperse information.

In November, the NFCA in collaboration with Home Instead Senior Care put on free web conferencing. The aim was to help families coping with caring for elderly parents to make decisions and understand potential problems. The 45-minute online conference addressed vital issues and featured well known professionals in the field of senior care.

Senior care is a growing concern in the US. Using webinar software to enhance care and making decisions is a giant step in the right direction. The facilities of a good video conferencing software can also be applied to other areas. These include:

Distance education
Sales team mobilization
Product promotion
Customer service
Staff training
Technical support

Other areas of the health care sector can also be improved by the use of a video conferencing system. Todays web conference systems are pricey as earlier. Providers like RHUB Communications have created products that give any company or organization the ability to be flexible.

The web conference systems today are based on speed, reliability, and enhanced communication. Some of the features of the best web conference services are:

Remote desktop control
Multi-tiered tech support
Recording of conferences or webinars
File transfer and remote printing

A web conference like the one put on by the NFCA creates opportunities for others facing similar situations. Not surprisingly, the decision to have the web conference was largely influenced by the current economic climate.

Users today have the option of hosted services, downloadable software or self hosted, in house solutions. RHUB appliance is an example which many companies find to be preferable to hosted solutions. However, even the most basic web conference systems have helped companies streamline their operations and improve productivity.

This will no doubt set a new trend for other cash strapped communities looking to provide care for the elderly. Special needs organizations, private health care facilities and similar groups could also explore the use of online conferencing for delivery of information.

Healthy Food Choices For The Elderly

When people age, their needs for nutrition change. It is important for elderly to eat healthy foods that are full of nutrients. Some medications, as well as illness, can affect the appetite of older people. To maintain health and independence longer, elderly people should make sure that when they do eat, that the food is good for them and will help maintain health. Healthy food choices can be made at home, in restaurants, and at the grocery store.

The types of foods that should be included in an elderly persons diet should include foods that promote the following:

Circulation (soy products, fruits, seeds)
Strong bones (cheese, milk, salmon, legumes, beet greens)
Resistance to illness (apples, citrus, broccoli)
Mental alertness (high protein foods, complete carbohydrates, omega-3 fats)

Foods that are high in antioxidants are also recommended for elderly people.

Healthy food choices for elderly in restaurants may include eating low fat meats, salads, vegetables, and grilled foods. For the elderly that has trouble maintaining weight, fresh whole grain breads can be chosen at restaurants. Going to restaurants that serve fresh, healthy, and homemade dishes will

Italian food is made with tomatoes, which are high in antioxidants. Cooked tomatoes, like what is found Italian tomato sauce for pasta contains the antioxidant, Lycopene, which gives tomatoes their deep red color. Tomatoes are also high in vitamin C.

Cheese is high in calcium, which helps build strong bones. Lasagna and other Italian dishes with cheese are good choices for elderly because they are at risk for fractures and broken bones.

Many studies have proved that for some, a glass of wine with a meal is very healthy, especially red wines.

When mental alertness in the elderly seems to be diminishing, before concluding that they need additional care or are suffering from Alzheimers, check the persons diet. The diet may cause low blood sugar. Drops in blood sugar can cause mental confusion. Changes in hormones for women can also cause mental confusion. When healthy food choices are being made and there still seems to be diminished mental alertness, ask the pharmacist about the medications being prescribed and if they may be the cause. If yes, make an appointment with the doctor to discuss alternatives and any new medications that might be available.

Going to a relaxing restaurant that offers healthy food choices, like Mama Jennies in Miami, Florida, can keep healthy eating from becoming boring.

Understanding Texas Auto Insurance Laws

Examining the Minimums for Auto Insurance in Texas

Have you recently moved to Texas or are you a young driver just looking into auto insurance in Texas for the first time? If so, you might not yet be aware of the minimum requirements for Texas auto insurance policies. Today, we will offer you a closer look at minimum requirements, as well as what to seek when you are looking for Texas insurance.

The Main Points of Minimum Texas Insurance

Liability limits are 25,000 for bodily injury
or death to one person and 50,000 for bodily
injury or death to two or more people.
Liability Texas auto insurance also means a
minimum of 25,000 in coverage for damage or
destruction of property.
Texas does offer the choice to post financial
bond and provide self-insurance in lieu of a
traditional Texas insurance policy.

What Other Rules Govern Texas Auto Insurance?

You will find that in Texas, you must carry policy minimums on every single car that you own. Proof of insurance is required to be in the vehicle at all times, and driving a motor vehicle without this proof will result in fines between $175 and $350 for a first offense, with fines increasing for subsequent offenses. If you are caught without proof of insurance three times, your driving privileges will be suspended. It is also important to note that insurance is required on your vehicle before you will be allowed to register it with the state.

Dont Let Your Texas Auto Insurance Lapse

If you live in the state of Texas and have a vehicle registered with the DMV, a lapse in coverage will be automatically reported. Allowing your coverage to lapse can result in license suspension if you are caught driving. Maintaining auto insurance in Texas is absolutely crucial.

Why Do I Need Insurance?

If you are trying to understand why Texas insurance is mandatory, consider this. No matter how excellent your driving skills may be, all it takes is a moment of distraction or even a flat tire to send your vehicle out of control, damaging property and possibly even hurting or killing someone. Without Texas auto insurance, you would be held liable for all expenses, and without the money to pay, injured parties may not be able to receive proper care. Insurance laws protect you as well as others, and maintaining mandatory minimum insurance isnt just recommended, its the law.